Varicocele: Causes, impact on male infertility, treatment and prevention tips

Table of Contents

Do you know what varicocele is? Do you experience pain in your groin region? If yes, then watch the above video of our expert endovascular specialist– Dr. Sagar Satpute who is talking about varicocele in great detail. In this video, he has talked about varicocele, how it is caused, its effect on the testes, and the treatment options available
Varicocele is a common condition that affects males, particularly those in the reproductive age group. In this blog, we will delve into the details of varicocele, including its causes, why they occur, their symptoms, impact on male infertility, treatment options, and prevention tips.

What is Varicocele?

Varicocele is a condition characterized by the enlargement of veins within the scrotum, the sac which holds the testicles. These enlarged veins, often likened to varicose veins, occur when the valves within the veins do not function properly, leading to a reverse flow of blood and resulting in the pooling of blood in the veins.

What Causes a Varicocele?

The exact cause of varicocele is still not fully understood. However, it is believed to be primarily caused by problems with the valves in the veins that prevent blood from flowing backwards. The pooling of blood causes the veins to become enlarged, giving rise to varicocele.
Varicocele is more commonly observed in men during adolescence, as a result of rapid growth during puberty. In some cases, it may develop later in life due to factors such as prolonged standing or increased pressure in the abdomen.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Varicocele:

Varicocele is typically painless and does not exhibit noticeable symptoms in most cases. However, some men may experience symptoms such as:

Diagnosis of varicocele usually involves a physical examination, during which a healthcare professional will inspect the scrotum for any signs of swelling or enlargement. Additionally, an ultrasound may be performed to get a clearer view of the veins and assess the severity of the condition.

Why do we use Color doppler for varicocele

Color Doppler ultrasound is commonly employed during the diagnosis of varicocele. It allows healthcare professionals to visualize the blood flow within the scrotum and identify any abnormalities in the veins. By using color-coded images, Doppler ultrasound offers a detailed examination of the blood vessels, aiding in diagnosing and assessing the severity of varicocele.

What is varicocele embolization treatment ?

Varicocele embolization is a minimally invasive procedure that has gained popularity as an alternative to surgical treatment. During this procedure, a catheter is inserted through a small incision in the groin and guided to the affected veins using X-ray imaging. Once in place, the veins are blocked using tiny coils or a special solution, rerouting the blood flow and reducing the size of the varicocele.

Impact of Varicocele on Male Infertility:

Varicocele has been found to have an impact on male fertility in certain cases. The pooling of blood within the veins leads to an increase in temperature in the scrotum, which can negatively affect sperm production and function. Additionally, varicocele can cause hormonal imbalances, such as increased levels of estrogen, further affecting fertility.
It is important to note that not all varicoceles result in infertility, and not all infertile men have varicoceles. However, treating varicocele in cases where it is linked to infertility may improve the chances of conception.

Lifestyle Changes to Help Manage Varicocele Symptoms

While varicocele may require medical intervention for proper management, certain lifestyle changes can help alleviate symptoms and reduce discomfort. These include:
It is important to consult a healthcare professional before implementing any lifestyle changes, as they can provide personalized advice based on the specific condition and individual health status.


In conclusion, varicocele is a common condition that affects male fertility and can cause discomfort. While the exact cause is not fully understood, there are surgical and non-surgical treatment options available, depending on the severity and symptoms. Varicocele embolization has emerged as a minimally invasive alternative to surgery, and lifestyle changes can help alleviate symptoms. If you suspect you may have varicocele or are experiencing any of the above symptoms, it is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and guidance on the most suitable treatment options.

At SLVC Clinic in Navi Mumbai, we are dedicated to providing comprehensive vascular care, including the diagnosis and treatment of varicocele. Our expert endovascular specialist, Dr. Sagar Satpute, possesses extensive experience in treating varicocele using minimally invasive techniques, including varicocele embolization. Dr. Satpute is committed to providing personalized care and tailoring treatment plans to each patient’s unique needs and preferences. SLVC Clinic’s state-of-the-art facilities and our team of compassionate healthcare professionals are committed to helping you achieve optimal vascular health and improve your quality of life.

Book An Appointment



SLVC CLINIC, Shop No. 31, F-1 Type, Gyandeep Apartment, Sector - 3/4 Shopping Centre, Sagar Vihar Road Vashi, Navi Mumbai 400703.

Hours of Operation:

Monday to Saturday:
11.00 am - 2.00 pm
4.00 pm - 9.00 pm

11.00 am - 1.00 pm

Contact Us:

+91 8369559053

Book An Appointment